Computer science student, 19, says legal profession should be ‘very scared’ of his new ‘robot lawyer’

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London whizz kid bids to revolutionise law industry


The UK’s first “robot lawyer” has been launched — and it’s very good at travel delay compensation advice and the law surrounding badgers, but not so great on other areas.

Nevertheless, it’s early days yet, and its young creator has told Legal Cheek that “lawyers all over the world should be very scared of this technology”.

Designed by London-born 19 year-old Joshua Browder, the robot provides 24 hour legal access to the general public for free, with its core specialisms advertised as parking fines, delayed flights/trains and claiming payment protection insurance.

Browder — who is currently studying towards a degree in economics and computer science at prestigious Stanford University in the US — was inspired to design the robot after the success of his website ‘DoNotPay’.

The site, which assists members of the public in appealing unfair parking fines, gained widespread media coverage, resulting in Browder being inundated with further legal queries.

Unable to respond to them all — and without even a Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) to his name — the British teen set about creating the UK’s first robot lawyer. He has been promoting it on Twitter this week.

Keen to find out if vast swathes of Legal Cheek’s readership would soon be out of a job, we logged on and tested the robot out.

Greeted by something that looks more like a WhatsApp conversation than Johnny Five, we asked the robot lawyer a few classic law student conundrums, kicking things off with a trust law query.


Law students will no doubt be sympathetic to the response: the robot claimed it didn’t “fully understand”. Perhaps tort law was more its bag.


OK, maybe not. Perhaps the UK’s first lawyer robot is a European law specialist?


Struggling with some fairly basic legal questions, perhaps the robot knew something about the law surrounding badgers (hat tip to Mashable for suggesting this topic)?


Finding its specialism, the robot fired back a succinct response, warning that if anyone at Cheek HQ decided to go out kill a badger tonight, they could face “six months imprisonment or a substantial fine”.

The robot works by using a computer algorithm to identify key words that in turn trigger set responses. If unable to help, Browder receives an email flagging up the legal query — and goes off to do some old fashioned research. So presumably at some point someone wanted to know whether they could legally kill a badger and the computer-whizz teenager updated the bot accordingly.

Badgers aside, the robot does offer some useful basic legal assistance. Pretending that Legal Cheek was recently subjected to a flight delay to Benidorm, the online system responded by producing an appeal letter that could be used to seek compensation. Certainly, this is pretty impressive work from a first year undergraduate. And who knows where it could lead?

Browder — who clearly isn’t a fan of lawyers — told Legal Cheek:

Lawyers all over the world should be very scared of this technology. Eventually when it gets perfected, many of their services will be 99.99% cheaper by going to a computer. At the early stages, it’s still crude, and I am working with some of the same professors at Stanford who helped found Google to make it better. Artificial intelligence is like human intelligence and it takes more questions to train the computer to make perfect responses.



Does LC have some sort of robot fetish?

If articles aren’t about Proudtits, Harley, Training Contracts or news pinched from RoF, they’re about robots.



Fancy a drink sometime anonymous?



Will you shut tfu!


Uncle Solicitor

It looks very much like that nocturnal gentleman from across the pond who was once upon a while ago a contributor here may even have some competition.

Can you just imagine the leaps of technology that we have made to accomplish that?


Lord Harley of Council House

I always instruct the fake Lord Harley for my parking appeals.

Top brief.



‘These aren’t the droids you’re looking for’.


Not Amused

I like this sort of thing. Of course it’s silly to hope/suggest it would replace even the most useless of lawyers – I’m afraid the factual situations contain simply too many variables to code for adequately.

But it is an excellent way of getting people to engage with law. I think it should give links so that people can learn more. Citizens of a modern democracy *should* know the law. I believe that absolutely. That doesn’t just mean that Police Officers *should* know the law (they often do not now): I mean everyone. If someone has a simple question about law, let them ask a system like this and hopefully set out on an exciting path of discovery.


Lord Harley of Counsel

It will never replace me.



For one, it could never grow the hair.


Charlotte Proudman

This must be discrimination somehow!


Steven Spielberg QC

This reminds me of a great idea for a film a friend of mine had involving legal robots:

The year is 2020, the e-conveyancing provisions of the LRA 2002 are finally brought into force. To help with the computing work load, the land registry create ‘conveyorbot’ a super computer housed in the heart of the land registry building.

Conveyorbot, fitted with a state of the art AI, conducts conveyances for folk. Until one day, realising that private property is a feeble human construction, becomes self-aware and begins conveying land in a random and vexatious manner…

Huge mansions are conveyed for free, garden sheds sell for millions. Unregistered land is registered bringing the whole of England and Wales into its evil grasp.

Facing societal meltdown, Lord Neuberger PSC calls on noted land law professor Martin Dixon to stop the robotic menace. Dixon, equipped only with a compass and a copy of his seminal textbook, must travel into the depths of the land registry to destroy conveyorbot.

It’s a blockbuster full of action, romance and land law.



Get a life, mate.



Fuck off pinhead.



I think someone needs more land law in his life!


Top bantz guv

Rather brilliant. 10/10



Damn, there I was thinking about giving up financial services regulation and taking up badger law and now this! Back to the drawing board.



I wonder how often the robot’s advice is updated to reflect changes in the law. If the answer to that isn’t ‘every day’ I wonder whether the advice is caveated to say you can’t rely on it. If the answer to that is ‘no’ then I wonder how good his indemnity insurance is.



Your comment here…anonymous



Sir, the odds of Lawyer Bot successfully navigating trust law is approximately 3,720 to 1.


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