Your journey to pupillage
I studied law as an undergraduate at Brasenose College, Oxford. After this I stayed at Brasenose for another year to do the Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL) thanks to the receipt of scholarships from the Law Faculty and College. On the BCL I studied conflict of laws, restitution, advanced property and trusts, and human rights at work. This was a great experience which I would really recommend to anyone who is able to do it – it deepens your legal knowledge and ability to think critically, whilst also putting you in touch with a global network of like-minded students.
After finishing up at Oxford I received a scholarship from Gray’s Inn and started the BPTC (as it then was). During the BPTC year I taught trusts law at two colleges in Oxford. Whilst at Oxford I had participated in a number of moots (including the International Price Media Law Moot) and whilst on the BPTC I was a runner-up in the Gray’s Inn Moot Competition.
I was also fortunate to be awarded one of Gray’s Inn’s residential scholarships. This meant I (along with a dozen or so other BPTC students) got (free!) accommodation in Gray’s Inn for the year of our BPTC. Not only was the accommodation very nice, but this also enabled us to get really involved in the life of Gray’s Inn during that year. The Inns provide lots of opportunities to meet barristers (and the judges), get careers advice, and improve your advocacy skills.
I was fortunate that whilst on the BCL I got pupillage at South Square. At that point South Square was not part of the Gateway (although it now is) and this was my first time applying. As a result, I never went through the Gateway process. Prior to applying for pupillage, I had done quite a few minis (roughly 6-12) in a range of areas. I had done a mini at South Square (which encouraged me to apply) but my co-pupil (and now co-tenant) had not.
The pupillage experience
Pupillage at South Square is organised into seats of roughly 6-8 weeks. This is shorter than at other commercial sets and means by the end of pupillage you have been supervised by most of the senior juniors in Chambers. This structure is a real benefit because it exposes you to a wider range of work. At South Square, there are 4-6 formal assessments throughout the year. These cover the range of skills you need to practice here including drafting particulars of claim, preparing an opinion, and advocacy exercises. The advocacy exercises in particular are really fun (even if they are a bit nerve-wracking) and always involve an old case from someone in chambers. I was tasked with putting a well-known airline into administration and had to pretend it was 3am when we were making the application.
During pupillage I was exposed to a range of commercial, insolvency, banking and finance, and restructuring work. The day-to-day tasks of a pupil at South Square are pretty varied. You may be asked to prepare a research note for your supervisor, do a draft of a skeleton or opinion which your supervisor is working on, or do a specific piece of ‘dead work’ (i.e. an old case). The process is structured to expose you to a variety of different tasks and areas of practice. Supervisors will ask you at the beginning of each seat which areas or types of work you still need to cover, and will endeavour to plug any gaps.
One important point is that the second-six is non-practising at South Square. The reason for this is that you use the second-six to really hone your knowledge of some of the more technical aspects of insolvency law, so you are ready to hit the ground running as a tenant. Unlike some other commercial sets, there is plenty of opportunity for unled work (particularly in insolvency) in your first few years of practice.
There is regular and very helpful feedback on your work, as well as end-of-seat and mid-pupillage reviews. The supervisors are very clear about what you need to improve on and what you are doing well. Pupillage at South Square is all about learning and improving over the course of the year; no one is expecting the finished product straight-away. It is also non-competitive. You are never made to feel like you and your co-pupil are competing; in fact, Chambers goes out of its way to make sure that is not the case. We usually take two pupils every year and the expectation is that if you meet the required standard for tenancy, you will get taken on.
The transition from pupil to tenant
The transition was very well-managed, and I felt supported throughout. The responsibility of running your own cases can initially seem daunting but South Square has an open-door policy and the junior juniors regularly pop into each other’s rooms to ask questions. This is a really good way of being able to ask questions which feel stupid (but rarely actually are) and to get the benefit of the experience of people who were in your shoes a few years before.
When you start tenancy at South Square you are allocated a mentor for the first six months of practice. You sit in their room during this period so that you can ask questions and they can check that everything is going well. The mentoring relationship is something which is really valuable, and people continue to ask their mentors for advice even after they have got their own room. Your former supervisors are also continuing sources of advice and support. I have also found they are really good at getting you involved in their cases and giving you opportunities.
What is your practice like now?
My practice is a mixture of insolvency and commercial work. I also have a good balance of led and un-led work, which gives me the opportunity to be involved in the bigger cases and also get advocacy experiences. I would say barristers at South Square (and commercial sets generally) are in court less than other areas – I am in court roughly 3-4 times a month, but it varies massively. One important difference from other commercial sets is that there is more minor insolvency applications for baby juniors to do, such as extending administrations or winding-up petitions. This means we are in court on our own more than our contemporaries at other commercial sets.
What is the culture of chambers?
South Square’s small size is a great asset when it comes to building a cohesive and friendly environment. It is easy to know the vast majority of members of Chambers. People wander into each other’s rooms for a chat or for some advice. There is always someone to go for lunch with or to grab a coffee.
What is pretty unique about South Square is the relationships that are formed between people at different stages of their careers. Because of the small size of the set there is a great deal of mixing and people are not siloed into particular levels of call. There are also more formal events such as monthly drinks and lunches where the whole of Chambers gets together. There are bigger events in the Summer and at Christmas.
Chambers has great facilities and fantastic admin staff/clerks who are always able to help out. Everyone in Chambers has their own room which they can turn into their personal oasis and decorate as they see fit allowing you to express a bit of personality.
Top tips for those wanting to become a barrister/secure a pupillage at your chambers
(1) Know the Set. Make sure you understand our key practice areas and what they involve. Be wary of chambers’ websites, they often say a set does a particular type of work when very few members actually do it. Look at Chambers and Partners / Legal500 rankings to get a sense of what a particular set is good at.
(2) Engage with the Set’s Practice. Demonstrate that you are engaged with what a set does and what it is like. Look at recent decisions members of chambers have been in. Think, how can I demonstrate I am interested in this type of work?
(3) Use Concrete Examples. In your application and at interview you need to give concrete examples of how you meet the selection criteria and have the right skills to succeed. Don’t just tell us you have good advocacy skills – explain when you have used those skills and what the effect was. At times people fail to make the best out of the amazing things they have done.
(4) Think Critically. Look at your application form and think about what your weaknesses are. Use mentoring schemes like those run by the Inns or COMBAR’s scheme, to get some frank feedback on your application. Then work to fill the gaps and improve the weak points.