Unqualified advocates are allowed to appear in court, judge rules

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HHJ Backhouse calls for greater guidance as she dismisses challenge to County Court advocate’s right of audience

Unqualified advocates are allowed to appear in court despite the objections of barristers and solicitors, a judge has found.

Her Honour Judge Backhouse found in favour of an advocate from LPC Law whose solicitor opponent accused him of having no right to argue a strike-off hearing.

County Court advocates, sometimes known as solicitor’s agents, are not legally qualified but frequently appear in minor cases. The role is a useful stepping stone for wannabe lawyers seeking experience but qualified lawyers can resent the interlopers.

The spat in this case arose during a claim against Apple over an allegedly defective phone. Apple applied to have the claim struck out and sent along a Mr Erridge, a bar course graduate and advocate instructed by LPC Law. The claimant’s solicitor-advocate, Scott Halborg, objected, saying that Erridge had been “yanked off the street” and had no right of audience.

The judge backed Erridge and Halborg appealed to Central London County Court.

Under the Legal Services Act 2007, advocates who are assisting with the conduct of litigation under a solicitor’s supervision have a right of audience where the hearing is taking place “in chambers”. This phrase might be thought unhelpfully archaic, since there is no longer such thing as a hearing in chambers under the modern Civil Procedure Rules.

But Judge Backhouse held that the “in chambers” right of audience still exists so long as “the hearing in question is broadly of the type of hearing which would have been heard in chambers” in the old days.

These include hearings on mortgage possession, warrants of execution or possession, and some enforcement orders.

Backhouse also found that Erridge had indeed been “assisting in the conduct of litigation” and was properly supervised by a solicitor at LPC Law, as required by the 2007 Act.

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As a result, he “was entitled to exercise a right of audience” against Halborg.

The judge noted that her finding contradicted several previous County Court decisions on this issue, so it would be handy for a higher court to settle the question once and for all.

LPC Law welcomed the decision, saying that Backhouse had provided a “comprehensive analysis of the legislation”. A spokesperson told Legal Cheek: “This judgment makes clear that the practice of solicitor agents appearing ‘in chambers’ hearings is entirely legitimate, provided that they are properly instructed and supervised, which LPC Law’s advocates always are”.

In a statement Halborg said: “I took the point about rights of audience because I am a solicitor advocate and I felt that there is a real danger that unregulated representatives are breaching the statutory provisions and stretching to breaking point what was intended by parliament by the exemption.”

He continued:

“Unfortunately the Court of Appeal remitted the case back to the County Court on the basis of it being perceived as academic, and it seemed to me very hard to get permission later to appeal again to the Court of Appeal from the considered judgment on appeal of HHJ Backhouse, a judge I greatly respect from previous professional work. As HHJ Backhouse made clear however, this remains an area crying out for guidance from the higher courts.”

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My main complaint about solicitors agents attending hearings is that they usually win.



Solicitors Agent “I was in court today”

Counsel “did you win?”

Solicitors Agent “I got the Order my client wanted”

Counsel “which was?”

Solicitors Agent “to have the child’s compensation invested in the court funds office”

Counsel “an approval hearing? That’s akin to purchasing chocolate from a vending machine at the Arcade and saying you won a prize”


Alan Robertshaw

As someone who has lost a number of unopposed applications, including one where the other side had consented to the order, I don’t take anything for granted.


Fair enough

It’s universally acknowledged that sometimes the vending machine swallows your money or the chocolate gets stuck and you lose – doesn’t mean you didn’t do everything you could to facilitate.


Barry Stir

A Solicitor Advocate objecting to rights of audience?

How times have changed!



I remember having a barrister challenge my rights of audience in a multi track trial because “legal executive aren’t real lawyers”. The judge asked him if that meant he wasn’t a real judge. It took my opponent a moment to realise that the judge was also CILEX.

I can understand in a way as at the time only two CILEX had rights the the country, but if he’d asked me in our pre-hearing chat rather than trying to ambush me in court in front of my client I’d have explained it to him.


Some Aloe Vera for my Learner Friend?

Double burn for your opponent then?



He wasn’t unqualified, he just wasn’t a solicitor or a barrister.


Junior Leachman

The law and the right of audience has continued to evolve. We must welcome these changes instead of trying to fight or beat them down.


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